What Is Performed During The Transition from Female to Male During The Surgical Process? How Does The Process Begin? How Does It Go On? Transition surgery from female to male is the operations in which different areas of expertise are applied in a complicated way.

Transition surgery from female to male is the operations in which different areas of expertise are applied in a complicated way. Such surgeries, which are based on plastic surgery, are carried out in order to provide transition from male to female and from female to male. The process before surgery and after surgery, which requires great patience, should begin with psychological suggestions in order to get used to the individual’s new identity. The conduct of the preoperative and after-operative process as desired by the individual depends largely on the experience of the physician who will perform the operation. For this reason, prior to gender reassignment operations, a physician’s selection should be made by conducting a research. Thanks to the advantages of today’s evolving technology, surgeries performed using microsurgical methods are largely successfully terminated.

Preoperative Process

In order for the individual who decides to change gender before the surgical operation to adapt to the new situation, a mental health evaluation should be carried out, and physical and psychological preparations should be made before the decision-making phase by taking a psychiatrist’s appointment. Before surgery, the individual’s history of disease should be meticulously analyzed and necessary all physical examinations should be carried out in full.

What Surgeries are performed in the Transition from Male to Female?

rocedures called Masculinization Surgery are performed in order to change the physical appearance of women before and to obtain a appearance in the male structure. Surgeries in order to carry out the transformation,

  • Subcutaneous mastectomy
  • Hysterectomy and ooforectomy
  • Genital reconstructive
  • Plastic surgery applications

Subcutaneous mastectomy

The main purpose of mastectomy is to obtain a flat breast in transitions from female to male, as well as aesthetic appearance as well as masculine lines. In addition to having healthy senses after surgery, it is desirable to have an image with little scar. During mastectomy, a large part of breast tissue, excess skin tissue and inflammatory layer are removed.However, if the individual’s nipple is masculine in the preoperative examination, the nipple is left. If not suitable, a new shape is created with reconstruction application.

Hysterectomy and Ooforectomy

Medical research although it is known that the use of testosterone hormone for a long time causes the formation of uterine and ovarian cancer, both hysterectomy and ooforectomy are recommended in transition surgery from female to male. Thanks to the application of this method, menstrual bleeding is prevented from occurring after gender change surgeries.

Genital Reconstruction

Reconstruction is a term that means re-establishing. The main purpose of such applications is to remove the vagina in the name of the creation of male reproductive organs and the creation of a penis that is compatible with the identity and has sufficient dimensions for intercourse.

Plastic Surgery Applications

In gender reassignment surgeries, plastic surgery applications are also required to translate feminine properties into masculine properties when returning from female to male. As a result of such interventions for the realization of this purpose, it is possible to achieve a more masculine appearance on the chin and muscle protrusions.

After-Surgery Process in Transitions from Femaler to Male

Treatment of complications usually occurring during surgery, treatment of incision wounds during surgery and hormone editing treatments are performed. Hormone treatments usually apply 200 mg of testosterone or transdermal testosterone per week. Lipid profile, blood count, testosterone level measurement and liver function tests are recommended every 3 or 6 months during the afteroperative process. It is very important for the individual to carry out the drug treatments recommended by the physician during treatment without interruption, so that the individual can achieve his new sexual identity in a short time.In addition, the nutrition program recommended by dietitians should be maintained meticulously in order to prevent possible weight gains during the hormone treatment process.