What is a Mastectomy?

Mastectomy is a surgical treatment for the complete removal of the breast. In such operations, breast tissues are taken, and in some cases, tissues close to the breast can be removed. The main purpose in breast surgery is to remove the tumor completely in the individual and to remove the lymphatic in cases where there is a tendency to spread under the armpit.Mastectomy operations can be done with different methods.

Surgical interventions that vary according to the application area,

  • -Simple mastectomy
  • -Skin protective mastectomy
  • -Radical mastectomy
  • -It is classified as a modified radical mastectomy.

Simple mastectomy: In this process, also called total mastectomy, the entire breast, including nipples, is taken. However, the muscle tissues and armpit lymph glands under the breast are not taken. Such surgeries usually require hospitalization for one day. The patient is discharged the next day. The most commonly used in breast cancer cases is simple mastectomy,if the patients have a high risk of cancer,  both breasts can be taken. This process is also called a double mastectomy.

Skin Protective Mastectomy: In such operations, most of the skin layer on the breast and the nipple are not touched.In such interventions, it is possible to restructure the breasts of some female patients. The amount of tissue taken from the breast is the same as the amount of tissue taken in simple mastectomy operations. This method is usually applied to the patient after surgery if aesthetic surgery (breast reconstruction) is planned.However, this method is not applied if the tumor is large and close to the skin surface.

Radical Mastectomy: It is mostly used to remove tumors settled in pectoral muscles at the bottom of the breast. In such operations, which are kept on a very large scale, the breast completely, the armpit lymph glands and pectoral muscles are taken. Radical mastectomy, which has been applied more frequently in the past, is not preferred very often when a modified radical mastectomy method is found, which is a more effective method.

Modified Radical Mastectomy: In such surgical interventions for the removal of underarm lymph nodes, breast disfigurement and side effects observed in radical mastectomy are not observed.

What is Hysterectomy?

Hysterectomy is a hysterectomy, uterine (uterus) removal operation used to remove most of the problems for women. Such surgical interventions are very large interventions. For this reason, it is recommended to try different treatment methods by the doctor first. The reasons for hysterectomy applications are as follows.

  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Uterine Prolapse
  • Cancer
  • Uterine pains that do not respond to different treatments
  • Benign tumor (Myom)
  • Endometriosis

During such surgeries, tubes and ovaries are not taken unless there is a condition that will require them to be removed. The type of hysterectomy surgeries may vary according to the findings obtained by the physician in the examinations, the disease that makes the surgery necessary and the method chosen by the physician. Patients are usually treated for several days after surgery, but this period is determined according to the type of surgery and possible problems that may occur afterwards.

Urine, blood, heart chart, lung before hysterectomy in addition to examinations such as film, it is common to take a piece of the uterus. General or local anesthesia is applied to be determined by the doctor in order to ensure the comfort of the patient during the operation. After the surgery, the individual can not get pregnant, but menstruation is also interrupted. While many women experience depression with the feeling of not being able to have children after surgery, some patients indicate that their sex lives have changed after hysterectomy surgery. Conditions such as the absence of uterine contraction during sexual intercourse, no fear of pregnancy, and no pain during sexual intercourse are among the results that make some patients happy.

Mastectomy is applied in the removal of cancer-causing tumors occurring in the breast area, in the removal of lymph nodes in patients with spreading and in sex transition surgery.

Operations using different techniques according to their application areas are grouped as simple mastectomy, skin-protective mastectomy, radical mastectomy and modified mastectomy.

Thanks to the opportunities provided by modern medicine, aesthetic losses that may occur after surgery are resolved with plastic and aesthetic surgery methods.

If deemed appropriate by the physician, skin protective mastectomy can be performed and most of the skin layer of the breast and the nipple can be protected. Thus, it is possible to reshape the breast.

Although it is sufficient to stay in the hospital for 1 day after simple mastectomy operations, the duration of stay is determined by the physician performing the surgery.

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