What is Hormone Therapy?
Hormone therapy is a treatment method for individuals who demand gender reassignment. Hormone therapy can be applied before sex change surgery and can be applied after surgery. The purpose of hormone therapy or the application of hormone therapies is to adapt the hormonal balance of the transgender individual undergoing surgery to the sexual identity in which it transitions.
Such treatments are applied in doses recommended by the physician in the transition from male to female or female to male. The dose of practice is carried out taking into account the health and age of the trans individual. Treatment after gender reassignment surgeries is carried out in the form of hormone regulation therapy. In relation to the health status of the individual, many positive and negative effects can be seen in hormone treatment applied in postoperative periods.
Hormone Therapy in Transitions from Female to Male
Gender reassignment operations involve very sensitive and difficult periods. Assigned changes demanded by individuals who have feelings other than their identity,
- Psychological preparation circuit,
- Surgical interventions
- Postoperative treatments
- It covers processes such as hormone treatments.
Individuals who switch from female to male by applying hormone therapy face some negative and positive effects after hormone therapy.Changes in the individual as a result of hormone therapy when examined in terms of positive effects,
- Sound thickening
- Growth of the clitoral area
- Cessation of menstruation (menstruation)
- Libido rise
- Larenks protrusion (adam’s apple)
- Shrinkage in breast tissue
- Increased muscle rate
- It is in the form of a change in the distribution of fat tissue in the body.
Such positive results can be obtained in transitionfrom female to male, while there may be some negative effects. These effects include weight increases. In addition, acne, increase of liver enzymes, rise in hematocrit level, sleep apnea, decreased sensitivity to insulin, hypersexulite, decrease in the mineral tissue of bones after gonadektomy.
Transforming From Female to Male Possible Complications After
Some complications are likely during hormone treatments performed after surgery. All complications that may occur can be controlled by medical and surgical treatment methods, and health problems are prevented during the transition of the individual to his new identity. However, the patient should be informed in advance about possible complications.
- Delays in wound healing
- Necrosis, which can lead to the loss of breast tissue,
- Disorders in breast aesthetics,
- Urethral fistula and stenosis
- Drowsiness and mobility in the arm and wrist after penis construction
- Infection formations
- Full or partial flap necrosis that can result in penis loss
It is among the complications that may occur during the transition from female to male. Psychological treatment sessions should be applied if it is deemed necessary to prepare the individual spiritually before the transition from male to female or transition from female to male. Otherwise, individuals are likely to experience mental breakdown.
Postoperative Mental Problems
Physical similarity with hormone therapy it is a little easier to achieve than spiritual preparation. It is possible to get over the negative effects that may occur more easily if the individual who will undergo gender reassignment surgery is mentally strong. According to the data obtained in clinical trials, the biggest problems after such surgeries occur in the work and social life of the individual. In addition, problems such as personality disorders, loneliness, depression, peer problems are featured.
Such negativity decreases in the future, but the individual who undergoes surgery how it prepares for living conditions is also very important. In the researches, individuals who receive counseling and support before transgender surgery and hormone therapy are more likely adapt to their new identities.Individuals with insufficient support experience problems getting used to their new identity by 40%.
The individual who will undergo gender transition surgery must comply with the nutrition program to be given to him before entering the surgery. Since these surgeries are performed long and under anesthesia, it is important that the intestines are empty before the surgery.
Since gender transition surgeries are performed with long-lasting operations, the realization of the surgery with the team is directly proportional to the success rate. Since the areas to operate are sensitive areas, a careful study is required. Plastic surgeons should be included in general surgery, anesthesiologist, as well as a gynecologist in surgery from female to male, and a urologist in surgery from male to female.
Depending on the type of surgery to be performed, the operating room or patient must prepare. The person who will undergo surgery should prepare himself for this transition process, both physically and psychologically.
Gender transition surgery is long-lasting and progressive surgeries. Different methods and planning are applied in gender transition surgery from male to female or female to male.
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